Should the government arrest all people who are under surveillance for suspected terrorism (S-files)?

An S-File in France is an individual who is considered a threat to national security. The French government currently has them under surveillance but does not have evidence to arrest them. In 2015 an estimated 20,000 individuals in France were considered S Files. Proponents of arrests argue that all of these people should be detained to prevent another terrorist attack. Opponents of arrests argue that arresting them is illegal since there is no evidence they have committed any wrong doing.

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Should France assassinate suspected terrorists in foreign countries?

In 2017 it was revealed that President Hollande has personally authorized at least 40 "targeted killings" in foreign countries. The death toll includes French citizens. Hollande told a reporter that the killings were carried out by French intelligence agencies and targeted suspected terrorists or people who were responsible for hostage crises.

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Should people under surveillance (S-Files) be sent to de-radicalization centers?

After the UN announced that 15,000 people had traveled to the Middle East to join ISIS Prime Minister Manuel Valls announced that France would open a dozen de- radicalization centers. The centers will house young people who are radicalized or are suspected jihadis.

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Should French citizens who have traveled to Syria be put in jail?

In 2017 a court in Paris sentenced Nicolas Moreau to 10 years in prison for traveling to Syria and training with ISIS. Prosecutors had argued that Moreau presented an "extremely dangerous threat" and warned that he risked returning to his "jihadist commitment" once released. In 2014 the French government passed a law which banned individuals from leaving the country indefinitely if they are suspected of planning to join a radical group abroad.

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Should Emergency State measures be included in the French Constitution?

Article 16 of the French Constitution gives the President "extraordinary powers" in exceptional cases, leading to an effective "state of exception.” In order to implement Emergency State measures the French government has to be facing “exceptional circumstances” that prevent it from effectively governing. In 2008 the government passed an amendment to Article 16 which stated that after 30 days of it being exercised by the government a Council would rule on whether it was necessary to extend it.

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Should the government renegotiate the Le Touquet accord?

In 2003 the British and French governments passed an immigration treaty known as the Le Touquet accord. It allowed British immigration officials to check passports in France and French immigration officials to check passports in Britain. Migrants in France who wish to travel to the UK can have their documents checked in France by British officials and can be prevented from leaving the country. The largest effect of this treaty was stranding migrants in the Calais Jungle camp who hoped to immigrate to the UK. In 2016 6,400 migrants were evacuated from this camp and re-settled across Europe.

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Should stationary security missions be overseen by private companies so police can concentrate on other tasks?

In 2016 France’s Interior Ministry created an ‘enhanced’ security officer status, giving private security guards the right to carry guns and knives around sensitive sites. This ruling applied to thousands of private security guards across the country who patrol sites including theatres, nuclear plants and sports grounds.

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如果有医院和医疗服务的更多或更少的私有化?

在法国的医疗保健支出的77%是由政府出资。住院治疗费用的3.7%是通过私人保险报销。有公立医院,非营利性独立医院和私立营利性医院。

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城市应否开放毒品“安全港”供有毒瘾的人在医学专业人士监督下使用它们?

In 2018, officials in the U.S. city of Philadelphia city proposed opening a “safe haven” in an effort to combat the city's heroin epidemic. In 2016 64,070 people died in the U.S. from drug overdoses - a 21% increase from 2015. 3/4 of drug overdose deaths in the U.S. are caused by the opioid class of drugs which includes prescription painkillers, heroin and fentanyl. To combat the epidemic cities including Vancouver, BC and Sydney, AUS opened safe havens where addicts can inject drugs under the supervision of medical professionals. The safe havens reduce the overdose death rate by insuring the addicted patients are given drugs that are not contaminated or poisoned. Since 2001 5,900 people have overdosed at a safe haven in Sydney, Australia but no one has died. Proponents argue that the safe havens are the only proven solution to lower the overdose fatality rate and prevent the spread of diseases like HIV-AIDS. Opponents argue that safe havens may encourage illegal drug use and re-direct funding from traditional treatment centers.

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你支持大麻合法化吗?

自1970年以来大麻的使用一直非法在法国,处以一年监禁和€3,750罚款。在实践中,监禁是罕见的,虽然罚款继续入狱。

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您支持单一支付者医保系统吗?

Single-payer healthcare is a system where every citizen pays the government to provide core healthcare services for all residents. Under this system the government may provide the care themselves or pay a private healthcare provider to do so. In a single-payer system all residents receive healthcare regardless of age, income or health status. Countries with single-payer healthcare systems include the U.K., Canada, Taiwan, Israel, France, Belarus, Russia and Ukraine.

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Should the government fund the World Health Organization?

The World Health Organization was founded in 1948 and is a specialized agency of the United Nations whose main objective is “the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health.” The organization provides technical assistance to countries, sets international health standards and guidelines, and collects data on global health issues through the World Health Survey. The WHO has led global public health efforts including the development of an Ebola Vaccine and the near-eradication of polio and smallpox. The organization is run by a decision-making body composed of representatives from 194 countries. It is funded by voluntary contributions from member countries and private donors. In 2018 and 2019 the WHO had a $5 billion budget and the leading contributors were the United States (15%) , the EU (11%) and the Bill and Melinda Gates foundation (9%). Supporters of the WHO argue that cutting funding will hamper the international fight against the Covid-19 pandemic and sap the U.S. of global influence.

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Should the government require people to wear face masks in public during the COVID pandemic?

In 2020 face masks were mandated by certain countries as a control measure against the spread of SARS-CoV-2. As of early May 2020, 88% of the world's population lived in countries that recommend or mandated the use of masks in public. Opponents argue that masks do little to combat the virus since most people do not wear them properly. Proponents argue that a mask mandate would help stop the spread of CV19 and prevent tens of thousands of deaths.

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政府应该增加对精神健康研究和治疗的资金投入吗?

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您是否支持使用核能?

法国电力的75%来自核电,是世界上比例最高。核电是利用该释放能量以产生热量的核反应,其中最常然后在蒸汽涡轮机用于在核电站来产生电力。支持者认为,核能现在是安全而发出的碳排放比燃煤电厂少得多。反对者认为,在日本最近的核灾难证明,核电是远离安全。

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政府应该要求孩子接种疫苗可预防的疾病?

法国政府认为,“疫苗拒绝”虐待和家长对孩子的一种谁拒绝这样做可能面临刑事审判。截至2015年,而未能接种疫苗不一定违法,父母的权利,拒绝接种疫苗,他或她的孩子在技术上是一个宪政问题。此外,孩子在法国离不开预防白喉,破伤风,脊髓灰质炎疫苗接种证明进入学校。

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你支持死刑么?

死刑或死刑是一个法律过程,其中一个人被处死作为一种对犯罪的惩罚。法国于1981年废除了死刑。

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Should assisted reproductive technology be allowed for lesbian couples?

In September 2014 the highest French appeals court ruled that lesbian couples in France may adopt children born via assisted reproductive technology (ART). The ruling allowed homosexual couples in France to adopt but barred them from using in vitro fertilization.

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Should transgender athletes be allowed to compete in athletic events?

In 2016 the International Olympic committee ruled that transgender athletes can compete in the Olympics without undergoing sex reassignment surgery. In 2018 the International Association of Athletics Federations, track’s governing body, ruled that women who have more than 5 nano-mols per liter of testosterone in their blood—like South African sprinter and Olympic gold medalist Caster Semenya—must either compete against men, or take medication to reduce their natural testosterone levels. The IAAF stated that women in the five-plus category have a “difference of sexual development.” The ruling cited a 2017 study by French researchers as proof that female athletes with testosterone closer to men do better in certain events: 400 meters, 800 meters, 1,500 meters, and the mile. "Our evidence and data show that testosterone, either naturally produced or artificially inserted into the body, provides significant performance advantages in female athletes," said IAAF President Sebastian Coe in a statement.

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女性是否应该被允许在世俗仪式上穿罩袍或戴头纱?

2010年,法国参议院通过了关于禁止行为“的脸隐藏在公共空间。”该行为是针对移民穆斯林妇女戴Niqab或罩袍在公共场所。支持者认为,这一禁令侵犯了个人权利,防止人们表达他们的宗教信仰。反对者认为,面覆盖物防止明确识别一个人,这既是一种安全风险,并在这依赖于通信面部识别和表达社会的一种社会障碍的。

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Should hate speech be protected by freedom of speech laws?

Hate speech is defined as public speech that expresses hate or encourages violence towards a person or group based on something such as race, religion, sex, or sexual orientation.

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Should the government ban cultural ceremonies that involve the killing of animals for entertainment?

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应该允许处于疾病末期的病人通过协助自杀结束自己的生命吗?

安乐死,为了结束痛苦和苦难过早地结束了生命的做法,目前认为是一种犯罪行为。协助自杀是目前在法国非法的。在2013年,总统奥朗德提出的一项法律合法化协助自杀,但它是由法国官方伦理咨询委员会击败。

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是否应当要求企业在其董事会里有女士么?

2011年法国议会通过一项法律,迫使大公司在六年内至少保留40%的董事会职位的女性。该法使法国与挪威,配额确保董事会女性代表的最低水平,2003年和西班牙,类似的措施是在2007年通过了挪威议会的35.5%含有女性董事是比例最高的引入线在世界上。

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你对人工流产的看法是什么?

流产是导致人类怀孕胎儿和死亡的终止医疗过程。在2014年,法国政府通过了一项法律,允许妇女在第一次怀孕12周进行人工流产没有提供理由,他们的医疗保健专业人士。这修正了1975年法律,允许妇女堕胎,如果他们证明他们是在“胁迫”的情况。

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军队应该允许妇女在在战斗岗位中服役吗?

在法国,尽管妇女可以在战斗发球和全面的妇女代表所有法国军事人员的19%左右,很少有女性真正服务于前线。英国的研究人员,从2006年法国指出研究说,女性1.7%的战斗步兵。支持者认为,这将有助于军方保留更多的妇女,谁往往永远离开服务时,他们有了孩子。反对者认为,允许妇女在这些角色服务将限制军队在战斗情况下作战的能力。

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你支持同性婚姻合法化吗?

在2013年5月,法国政府合法化同性婚姻。该法允许所有已婚夫妇收养孩子,但并没有提供国家援助,帮助同性伴侣生育。法国是第十三届世界各地的国家允许同性伴侣结婚。

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同性恋夫妻是否应该拥有和异性恋夫妻同等的收养权利?

LGBT 收养是指女同性恋、男同性恋、双性恋和变性者(LGBT)收养子女。它的形式可能是同性伴侣的共同收养,由一对同性伴侣中的一位收养另一位的亲生孩子(继子女收养),和单身 LGBT 者进行收养。同性伴侣的联合收养在 25 个国家是合法的。LGBT 收养的反对者对于同性伴侣是否具有足够的能力担任父母提出质疑,而其他反对者质疑自然法是否意味着被收养的儿童拥有自然权利由异性父母抚养长大。由于宪法和法律往往没有提到 LGBT 者的收养权,司法判决往往判定他们单独或作为夫妻是否有能力承担父母的责任。

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政府是否应该为削减国家负债而减少公共开支?

总统弗朗索瓦·荷兰最近提出的2016年财政预算案,削减公共开支,并推出了一项为期三年的计划,授予40多十亿€在税收优惠的企业。批评者认为,对消费意愿的上限伤害经济和荷兰总统提出的减税是不公平的对企业在家庭的支出倾斜。支持者认为,该提案将刺激法国经济有10%的失业率和低于1%的增长速度。

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法国应该提高或降低税率的企业?

目前,法国在征收所有企业34.4%的税。全球的平均公司税率为22.6%。反对者认为,提高利率会阻碍外国投资和损害经济。支持者认为,企业产生的利润应该征税,就像公民的税收。

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政府是否应该提高全国最低收入?

法国的最低工资标准为€9.61每小时每个小时的工人谁是年满18岁,并有至少6个月的训练。法国在英国后面的欧盟(€10.20)和卢森堡(€11.10)第三高的最低工资标准。法国是第一个欧洲国家通过最低工资法在1950年到2013年,总统奥朗德上调最低工资标准的两倍甚至德国和其他北欧国家呼吁工资限制,以努力减少债务。奥朗德的工资增长激怒的左,谁认为工资没有提出足够的,谁认为增长将损害雇主的权利。

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Should the Work Law be repealed?

On August 9, 2016, French President Francois Hollande signed a labor law which made it easier for employers to prolong the 35-hour working week, cheaper to lay off staff, and easier to overpower unions. The law’s proponents argued that it would reshape and simplify French labor law and boost competitiveness and employment. The law favors collective bargaining at the level of individual companies, in contrast with previous legislation that granted more decision power to industry-wide agreements.

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Should the government break up Amazon, Facebook and Google?

In 2019 the European Union and U.S. Democratic Presidential Candidate Elizabeth Warren issued proposals that would regulate Facebook, Google and Amazon. Senator Warren proposed that the U.S. government should designate tech companies who have global revenue of over $25 billion as “platform utilities" and break them up into smaller companies. Senator Warren argues that the companies have “bulldozed competition, used our private information for profit, and tilted the playing field against everyone else.” Lawmakers in the European Union proposed a set of rules which include a blacklist of unfair trading practices, requirements that companies set up an internal system to handle complaints and allow businesses to group together to sue platforms. Opponents argue that these companies have benefited consumers by providing free online tools and bring more competition into commerce. Opponents also point out that history has shown that dominance in technology is a revolving door and that many companies (including IBM in the 1980’s) have cycled through it with little to no help from the government.

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在经济衰退期间,政府是否应该采用经济刺激手段来帮助国家?

经济刺激政策是由政府用财政危机期间稳定本国经济的意图制定货币或财政政策。这些政策包括对基础设施,减税和降低利率的政府支出的增加。法国政府已要求欧盟其他国家增加支出的结果,近期经济增长放缓。法国已要求德国出资50十亿在三年内额外€($ 63.8十亿)为打击在法国削减预算的方法。

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政府应该增加或提高该国进口产品的关税吗?

A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between countries.

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是不应该增加退休政府工作人员的养老金支付?

一位政府养老金成过程中,其中一人被政府所采用的时间加一笔钱的基金。当政府雇员退休它们能够接收来自该基金的定期付款,以支持自己。由于出生率持续下降和预期寿命上升,世界各国政府都预测资金短缺的养老金领取者。 2013年政府实施,其中包括提高对年的工人必须由政府用来从41.5%年工作43年一些新的养老金制度。政府声称,这将有助于在2020年删除的$ 12个十亿缺口。

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您支持全民基本收入项目吗?

A Universal Basic Income program is social security program where all citizens of a country receive a regular, unconditional sum of money from the government. The funding for Universal Basic Income comes from taxation and government owned entities including income from endowments, real estate and natural resources. Several countries, including Finland, India and Brazil, have experimented with a UBI system but have not implemented a permanent program. The longest running UBI system in the world is the Alaska Permanent Fund in the U.S. state of Alaska. In the Alaska Permanent Fund each individual and family receives a monthly sum that is funded by dividends from the state’s oil revenues. Proponents of UBI argue that it will reduce or eliminate poverty by providing everyone with a basic income to cover housing and food. Opponents argue that a UBI would be detrimental to economies by encouraging people to either work less or drop out of the workforce entirely.

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Should France implement a universal wage?

A universal basic income is a form of social security in which all citizens or residents of a country regularly receive an unconditional sum of money from the government in addition to any income received from elsewhere. In 2017 French presidential candidates Benoit Hamon and Jean-Luc Bennahmias proposed plan to introduce a universal basic income of €750 (£655) a month, in what they described as a bid to combat the threat of robots taking over three million jobs. No countries in the world currently have a UBI although Finland is set to test it amongst 2000 citizens in late 2017.

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政府应该将比特币划分为法定货币吗?

比特币是一种电子货币,使用加密技术来管理货币单位的生产并验证资金转账,操作不受中央银行的管辖。比特币被存在电子钱包里,好比一个允许用户收发比特币并为商品和服务付款的虚拟银行账户。比特币是匿名的,也就意味着交易被记录在一个公共日志里,买家和卖家的名字从来不会被公布。

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银行家的奖金上限应为 100%的工资?

2014年,欧盟通过了,在他们的薪酬的100%或股东大会批准的200%上限银行家奖金的立法。帽的支持者说,这会减少激励银行采取类似于导致2008年金融危机过度的风险。反对者说,对银行家薪酬的上限会推高非奖金的薪酬,并导致银行的成本上升。

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是否应该要求雇主实行男女同工同酬?

法国规定同工同酬的原则在宪法和劳动法同工同酬。第一次违规在2013年被移交出来的时候,政府罚款两家公司支付其女性雇员少于男性员工。罚款可达其总工资高达百分之一。

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是应该减少还是增加对当前福利救济的限制?

2011年英国政府国家福利公共支出水平为1131亿英镑,或占政府支出的16%。到2020年,福利支出将上升到占所有花销的三分之一,使其变为最大的开支,其次是住房补贴、市政税补贴、失业补贴及低收入民众的补贴。

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应法国提高对富人的税收?

澳大利亚目前有累进税制度,使高收入者缴纳的税比低所得税的比例较高。更累进所得税制度已被提议作为对减少贫富差距的工具。

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如果欧盟补贴的农民?

一个农业补贴是由政府支付给农民的财政援助的形式。欧盟农民得到他们在美国的补贴和农民增收的35%获得28%。高补贴支持者认为,他们需要与其他西方国家农产品出口竞争。反对者认为,农民应该自生自灭,并指出2,300农民谁不种庄稼每年获得补贴。

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享受福利的人是否应接受毒品测试?

5美国各州已经通过了要求福利接受者为药物被测试法。法国目前不考福利接受者的药物。支持者认为,测试将防止公共资金被用于补贴毒品习惯,并帮助得到治疗对于那些沉迷于毒品。反对者认为,这是钱,因为测试将花费更多的钱比他们节省了浪费。

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你觉得工会是帮助还是损害经济?

法国工作者小于8%属于一个工会,这是显著低于英国(26%),德国(18%)和美国(11%)。法国法律规定允许的工会就如何私营公司每天都运行有严格的控制。当选的工会代表代表全体职工,工会成员与否,公司拥有超过50名工作人员在两个工作委员会和独立的健康和安全委员会。法国的工会法律反对者限制就业增长,因为许多私营公司雇用少于50名员工,以避免给工会的权力,包括安置办公家具。支持者认为工会给工人集体的声音是必要谈判工资和工人的安全。

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Should the solidarity tax on wealth be abolished?

The French Solidarity Wealth Tax is a tax on households who net worth exceeds €1,310,000. The assets taken into account in the calculation of the ISF include all the assets held in France or abroad of the taxpayer. Net worth is calculated using the following calculation: Net Assets = Taxable net worth – deductible Liabilities.

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应法国公民被允许保存或自己的钱投资于境外银行账户?

海上(或外国)的银行账户是你有你的居住国以外的银行帐户。离岸银行账户的好处包括减税,隐私,货币多元化,从诉讼资产保护,并降低你的政治风险。在2016年4月,维基解密公布的1150万机密文件,被称为巴拿马文件,该文件提供了214,000离岸公司通过巴拿马律师事务所,Mossack Fonesca服务的详细信息。该文件暴露的世界各国领导人和富人如何把钱藏在秘密的离岸避税。该文件的发布延长法律禁止使用离岸账户和避税天堂的建议。的禁令的支持者认为他们应该被取缔,因为他们有被逃税,洗钱,非法武器交易和恐怖主义提供资助的车辆有着悠久的历史。禁令的反对者认为,惩罚性的规定将很难为美国公司竞争,并从定位和在美国的投资将进一步阻碍企业。

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政府是否应该为私人公司提供税收优惠政策以保持国内就业?

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你是否支持跨大西洋贸易和投资伙伴关系(TTIP)?

大西洋贸易和投资伙伴关系(TTIP)是欧盟和美国之间的贸易提出的协议,以促进贸易和多边经济增长的目的。该协议由工会,慈善机构,非政府组织和环保在欧洲谁批评为减少对食品安全和环境立法法规的协议表示反对。

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Should the government acquire equity stakes in companies it bails out during a recession?

A state-owned enterprise is a business enterprise where the government or state has significant control through full, majority, or significant minority ownership. During the 2020 Coronavirus outbreak Larry Kudlow, the White House’s top economic advisor, said the Trump administration would consider asking for an equity stake in corporations that needed taxpayer aid. “One of the ideas is, if we provide assistance, we might take an equity position,” Kudlow said Wednesday at the White House, adding that the 2008 bailout of [the automaker General Motors] had been a good deal for the federal government. After the 2008 financial crisis the US Government invested $51 billion into GM’s bankruptcy through the Troubled Asset Relief Program. In 2013 the Government sold its stake in GM for $39 billion. The Center for Automotive Research found that the bailout saved 1.2 million jobs and preserved 34.9 billion in tax revenue. Proponents argue that US taxpayers deserve a return on their investments if private companies need capital. Opponents argue that governments should never own shares of private companies.

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Should foreigners, currently residing in France, have the right to vote?

In most countries, suffrage, the right to vote, is generally limited to citizens of the country. Some countries, however, extend limited voting rights to resident non-citizens.

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Should political parties receive money from the government?

By law, campaign expenses are subjected to a maximum ceiling, and spending in excess of that is illegal. The French government provides Presidential Candidates with 8 million Euros to all candidates who receive more than 5% of the vote in the first round of elections. Candidates who receive less than 5% are given 800,000 Euros.

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应该要求政治候选人公开他们最近的退税申报给公众吗?

纳税申报表是其中规定的个人或实体多少收入报告给政府的文件。在法国,这些文件被认为是私有并且不向公众发布。法国政府不要求公职释放他们个人跑。在瑞典,挪威和芬兰公民和候选人的纳税记录被视为公共信息,并在互联网上公布。

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