如果有医院和医疗服务的更多或更少的私有化?

在法国的医疗保健支出的77%是由政府出资。住院治疗费用的3.7%是通过私人保险报销。有公立医院,非营利性独立医院和私立营利性医院。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

城市应否开放毒品“安全港”供有毒瘾的人在医学专业人士监督下使用它们?

In 2018, officials in the U.S. city of Philadelphia city proposed opening a “safe haven” in an effort to combat the city's heroin epidemic. In 2016 64,070 people died in the U.S. from drug overdoses - a 21% increase from 2015. 3/4 of drug overdose deaths in the U.S. are caused by the opioid class of drugs which includes prescription painkillers, heroin and fentanyl. To combat the epidemic cities including Vancouver, BC and Sydney, AUS opened safe havens where addicts can inject drugs under the supervision of medical professionals. The safe havens reduce the overdose death rate by insuring the addicted patients are given drugs that are not contaminated or poisoned. Since 2001 5,900 people have overdosed at a safe haven in Sydney, Australia but no one has died. Proponents argue that the safe havens are the only proven solution to lower the overdose fatality rate and prevent the spread of diseases like HIV-AIDS. Opponents argue that safe havens may encourage illegal drug use and re-direct funding from traditional treatment centers.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

你支持大麻合法化吗?

自1970年以来大麻的使用一直非法在法国,处以一年监禁和€3,750罚款。在实践中,监禁是罕见的,虽然罚款继续入狱。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

您支持单一支付者医保系统吗?

Single-payer healthcare is a system where every citizen pays the government to provide core healthcare services for all residents. Under this system the government may provide the care themselves or pay a private healthcare provider to do so. In a single-payer system all residents receive healthcare regardless of age, income or health status. Countries with single-payer healthcare systems include the U.K., Canada, Taiwan, Israel, France, Belarus, Russia and Ukraine.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

政府应该增加对精神健康研究和治疗的资金投入吗?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should article 49.3 be removed from the Constitution?

Article 49 of the French constitution details the relationships of power between the Prime Minister and Parliament. Clause 3 of this article (49.3) gives the government the power to pass a measure without a vote from parliament. The article allows the government to compel the majority if reluctant to adopt a text, and also to accelerate the legislative process, and in particular to end any obstruction from the opposition. The article has been used fewer than 90 times since its inception in 1958. In 2016 the government used the article to pass a labor reform bill which made it easier for employers to prolong the 35-hour working week, cheaper to lay off staff, and easier to overpower unions.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

它应该是非法刻录法国国旗?

亵渎国旗是指任何有意在公共场合损毁或破坏国旗的行为。这种行为通常是为了发表反对某个国家或其政策的政治声明。有的国家明令禁止亵渎国旗,而有的国家则通过法律保护破坏国旗的行为,认为这是言论自由的组成部分。其中一些法律会区别对待本国国旗和其他国家的国旗。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the current number of civil servants be increased or decreased?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

你是否支持将药物使用列为非犯罪行为?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

政府是否应当规范社交媒体网站,作为阻止假新闻和误报的一种方法?

In January 2018 Germany passed the NetzDG law which required platforms like Facebook, Twitter and YouTube to take down perceived illegal content within 24 hours or seven days, depending on the charge, or risk a fine of €50 million ($60 million) fines. In July 2018 representatives from Facebook, Google and Twitter denied to the U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary committee that they censor content for political reasons. During the hearing Republican members of Congress criticized the social media companies for politically motivated practices in removing some content, a charge the companies rejected. In April 2018 the European Union issued a series of proposals that would crack down on “online misinformation and fake news.” In June 2018 President Emmanuel Macron of France proposed a law which would give French authorities the power to immediately halt “the publication of information deemed to be false ahead of elections.”

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should foreigners be banned from funding mosques in France?

In 2016 Prime Minister Manuel Valls said he would consider a temporary ban on the foreign financing of mosques, urging a “new model” for relations with Islam after a spate of jihadi attacks. Proponents argue that it would help prevent foreign entities from funding radical mosques in France and prevent terrorism. Opponents argue that the proposal is illegal under French laws which separate Church and State.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

应该有对国会议员的任期限制?

任期限制是限制时间的人,可能有助于在民选公职长度的规律。 2008年,法国政府通过了一项宪法改革,限制总理的办公室,两个连续的五年任期。国民议会的成员必须重新选举每五年。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should social media companies ban political advertising?

In October 2019 Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey announced that his social media company would ban all political advertising. He stated that political messages on the platform should reach users through the recommendation of other users – not through paid reach. Proponents argue that social media companies don’t have the tools to stop the spread of false information since their advertising platforms aren’t moderated by human beings. Opponents argue that the ban will disenfranchise candidates and campaigns who rely on social media for grassroots organizing and fundraising.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

政府是否应当通过保护举报人的法律?

In December 2016 the French National Assembly passed the Sapin II regime which is a series of laws aimed at combating corruption. The law included a whistleblower protection clause which requires companies with more than 50 employees to establish a framework which protects whistleblowers from retaliation and grants them anonymity. The law does not protect or incentivize whistleblowing by implicated parties and the whistleblower must have firsthand knowledge of the facts.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

是否应该允许网络服务提供商对流行的网站(付更高的费用)提速,而这种提速是通过给不流行网站(付较低费用)降速来达到呢?

网络中立性的原则是,互联网服务提供商应该把互联网上的所有数据一视同仁。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

政府是否应该监控电话和电子邮件?

在2015年11月巴黎袭击发生后政府通过这使得它来监控电话和人涉嫌恐怖主义的连接没有法官的授权电子邮件的法律。法律还要求互联网服务提供商安装“黑匣子”,旨在真空和对数以百万计的使用网络的人在Web浏览和一般的互联网使用习惯分析元数据和使这些数据提供给情报机构。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

应该允许教师在学校携带枪支吗?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the government arrest all people who are under surveillance for suspected terrorism (S-files)?

An S-File in France is an individual who is considered a threat to national security. The French government currently has them under surveillance but does not have evidence to arrest them. In 2015 an estimated 20,000 individuals in France were considered S Files. Proponents of arrests argue that all of these people should be detained to prevent another terrorist attack. Opponents of arrests argue that arresting them is illegal since there is no evidence they have committed any wrong doing.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should people under surveillance (S-Files) be sent to de-radicalization centers?

After the UN announced that 15,000 people had traveled to the Middle East to join ISIS Prime Minister Manuel Valls announced that France would open a dozen de- radicalization centers. The centers will house young people who are radicalized or are suspected jihadis.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should France assassinate suspected terrorists in foreign countries?

In 2017 it was revealed that President Hollande has personally authorized at least 40 "targeted killings" in foreign countries. The death toll includes French citizens. Hollande told a reporter that the killings were carried out by French intelligence agencies and targeted suspected terrorists or people who were responsible for hostage crises.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should French citizens who have traveled to Syria be put in jail?

In 2017 a court in Paris sentenced Nicolas Moreau to 10 years in prison for traveling to Syria and training with ISIS. Prosecutors had argued that Moreau presented an "extremely dangerous threat" and warned that he risked returning to his "jihadist commitment" once released. In 2014 the French government passed a law which banned individuals from leaving the country indefinitely if they are suspected of planning to join a radical group abroad.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the government renegotiate the Le Touquet accord?

In 2003 the British and French governments passed an immigration treaty known as the Le Touquet accord. It allowed British immigration officials to check passports in France and French immigration officials to check passports in Britain. Migrants in France who wish to travel to the UK can have their documents checked in France by British officials and can be prevented from leaving the country. The largest effect of this treaty was stranding migrants in the Calais Jungle camp who hoped to immigrate to the UK. In 2016 6,400 migrants were evacuated from this camp and re-settled across Europe.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should Emergency State measures be included in the French Constitution?

Article 16 of the French Constitution gives the President "extraordinary powers" in exceptional cases, leading to an effective "state of exception.” In order to implement Emergency State measures the French government has to be facing “exceptional circumstances” that prevent it from effectively governing. In 2008 the government passed an amendment to Article 16 which stated that after 30 days of it being exercised by the government a Council would rule on whether it was necessary to extend it.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should stationary security missions be overseen by private companies so police can concentrate on other tasks?

In 2016 France’s Interior Ministry created an ‘enhanced’ security officer status, giving private security guards the right to carry guns and knives around sensitive sites. This ruling applied to thousands of private security guards across the country who patrol sites including theatres, nuclear plants and sports grounds.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

在政府提高其筛选潜在的恐怖分子的能力前,应该禁止穆斯林移民进入国家吗?

据估计,470万穆斯林在法国,2010年法国已经拥有欧洲最大的穆斯林人口之一。尽管法国政府不允许询问他们的宗教信仰的人普查,独立​​的消息来源估计,数量变化从5%到12%。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the children of migrants who live in French territories be allowed to join their families?

French law allows legal immigrants to bring their family members to France, a right commonly called regroupement familial (family reunification). Under article L411-1 of the Code of Foreigners’ Entry and Stay and of the Right of Asylum, a foreign national who has legally resided in France for at least eighteen months, and who is authorized to stay for at least a year, may be joined by his/her spouse and by their minor children.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

如果法国增加或减少给高技能移民工人的临时工作签证的数量?

熟练的临时工作签证通常给予外国科学家,工程师,程序员,设计师,管理人员和其他岗位或领域在需求超过供应。大多数企业认为雇用外国熟练工人使他们能够有竞争力的填补其有很高的需求职位。反对者认为,技术移民减少中产阶级的工资和工作任期。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should there be a temporary ban on all immigration into France?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should immigrants to France be allowed to hold dual citizenship status?

Multiple citizenship, also called dual citizenship is a person's citizenship status, in which a person is concurrently regarded as a citizen of more than one state under the laws of those states. There is no international convention which determines the nationality or citizen status of a person, which is defined exclusively by national laws, which vary and can be inconsistent with each other. Some countries do not permit dual citizenship. Most countries that permit dual citizenship still may not recognize the other citizenship of its nationals within its own territory, for example, in relation to entry into the country, national service, duty to vote, etc.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the EU impose a quota of migrants per country?

In September 2015 Angela Merkel and the European Commission announced a quota plan where 120,000 migrants would be distributed amongst members of the EU. Countries who refuse to participate would face financial penalties. Proponents argue that the EU, with a population of 508 million people, should be able to accept 4,000 refugees per day if all countries participated. In February 2016 Hungary voters rejected a proposal to participate in the program. Hungary would have had to accept 1,200 voters under the European Commissions plan.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should immigrants be required to learn the French language?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

移民应该被要求通过一个公民测试以展示对我们国家的语言,历史,和政府的基本理解吗?

The American Civics test is an examination that all immigrants must pass to gain U.S. citizenship. The test asks 10 randomly selected questions which cover U.S. history, the constitution and government. In 2015 Arizona became the first state to require High School students to pass the test before they graduate.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

若犯下严重罪行,移民应被驱逐出境吗?

In 2015 the U.S. House of Representatives introduced the Establishing Mandatory Minimums for Illegal Reentry Act of 2015 (Kate’s Law.) The law was introduced after San Francisco 32 year old San Francisco resident Kathryn Steinle was shot and killed by Juan Francisco Lopez-Sanchez on July 1, 2015. Lopez-Sanchez was an illegal immigrant from Mexico who had been deported on five separate occasions since 1991 and been charged with seven felony convictions. Since 1991 Lopez-Sanchez had been charged with seven felony convictions and deported five times by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service. Although Lopez-Sanchez had several outstanding warrants in 2015 authorities were unable to deport him due to San Francisco’s sanctuary city policy which prevents law enforcement officials from questioning a resident’s immigration status. Proponents of sanctuary city laws argue that they enable illegal immigrants to report crimes without the fear of being reported. Opponents argue that sanctuary city laws provide encourage illegal immigration and prevent law enforcement authorities from detaining and deporting criminals.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the solidarity offence be decriminalized?

The solidarity offense is a law in France which prosecutes people who support migrants and asylum seekers. When the law was first passed in 1945 it was used to prosecute smugglers.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

您是否支持使用核能?

法国电力的75%来自核电,是世界上比例最高。核电是利用该释放能量以产生热量的核反应,其中最常然后在蒸汽涡轮机用于在核电站来产生电力。支持者认为,核能现在是安全而发出的碳排放比燃煤电厂少得多。反对者认为,在日本最近的核灾难证明,核电是远离安全。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

政府应该要求孩子接种疫苗可预防的疾病?

法国政府认为,“疫苗拒绝”虐待和家长对孩子的一种谁拒绝这样做可能面临刑事审判。截至2015年,而未能接种疫苗不一定违法,父母的权利,拒绝接种疫苗,他或她的孩子在技术上是一个宪政问题。此外,孩子在法国离不开预防白喉,破伤风,脊髓灰质炎疫苗接种证明进入学校。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Do you support the creation of a European Army?

In November 2018 German chancellor Angela Merkel and President Emmanuel Macron of France announced that they would support the creation of a European army. Ms. Merkel said that the EU should rely less on the U.S. for military support and that “Europeans should take our fate more into our own hands if we want to survive as a European community.” Ms. Merkley said the army would not oppose NATO. President Marcon said the army is needed to protect the EU against China, Russia and the United States. Proponents argue that the EU lacks a united defence force to handle sudden conflicts outside of NATO. Opponents question how the army would fund itself since many EU countries spend less than 2% of their GDP on defence.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should France remain in NATO?

北大西洋条约组织是一个基于北大西洋公约组织的政府间军事同盟这是在4月4日签署的,1949年是欧洲和北美成员国的政治和军事联盟,同意为每个提供军事和经济安全其他。北约使得其所有决定以协商一致和每一个成员的国家,不管是大还是小,有平等的发言权。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

每个18岁的公民都应该被要求服至少一年的兵役吗?

兵役法目前在法国没有要求。服兵役是从需要1798 -  2001年在为大集团军1798拿破仑需要服兵役。普遍服务全国的现代形式在法国被介绍在1905年,当应征者曾在服兵役两年。普遍服务全国的现代形式在法国被介绍在1905年,当应征者曾在服兵役两年。这增加了三年第一次世界大战但逐步减少到10个月,数以百万计的年轻人被称为上下多年。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should France support the Kurds in establishing their own territory?

In 2016 fighting broke out between Turkish armed forces and the Kurdish YPG militia in northern Syria. President Hollande blamed Turkey for using military force against the Kurds instead of fighting ISIS. France has historically backed the Kurds against Turkey since 150,000 immigrants migrated into France in the 1970s.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

如果法国接受来自叙利亚的难民?

在2015年,弗朗索瓦总统承诺接受来自叙利亚的难民30.00。约300万难民从叙利亚自2015年那些赞成接受难民的夏天迁移认为法国有义务加入其盟友,并接受至少30 000名难民。反对者认为,法国应留出这场危机,接受难民从中东地区导致让恐怖分子进入该国的危险。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the EU evolve into the United States of Europe?

The United States of Europe is a speculative European Federation that unifies Europe as a single sovereign federation of states. The hypothetical unification would create a government similar to that of the United States of America. In the scenario each European county would become a state governed by a single federal government. Proponents, including the Belgian author Guy Verhofstadt, argue that such a federation would help stabilize the EU economy and save defense costs by consolidating each country’s military into one force which would serve all of Europe. Opponents argue that European voters would never approve the proposal since the popularity of the EU is at historic lows.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should France support the Syrian governments military offensive against ISIS?

The Syrian Civil war began in the spring of 2011 after nationwide protests against the government of President Bashar al-Assad resulted in armed conflict. After rebels seized control of several major cities, ISIS forces moved in and took over control of many regions of northern Syria. The government of Assad responded by carrying out airstrikes resulting in over 70,000 civilian deaths. France has been critical of Assad’s response to the war and in 2016 proposed a U.N. Security Council resolution to sanction Syria for the use of chemical weapons.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the number of countries in the European Union be reduced to 15?

Proponents of reducing the number of countries argue that the EU has grown too large. This leaves it ill-equipped to deal economic disasters like the recent crisis in Greece. Opponents of reducing the number of EU countries argue that the EU helped generate economic growth among countries who were poor before they joined the EU.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the UK be allowed to access European Markets once they leave the EU?

The EU single market removes all regulations and trade barriers amongst the 28 member countries of the European Union. The goal of the single market is to stimulate competition and trade, improve efficiency, raise the quality of goods and reduce prices. After the UK voted to leave the EU in 2016 the issue was raised as to how businesses in the UK would participate in the market. Several member countries proposed charging the UK a fee to participate. Norway currently pays a fee to participate and analysts estimate that charging the UK a similar fee would amount to $4 - $5 billion a year.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

如果法国增加或减少军费?

在2015年,奥朗德总统宣布,他将增加法国的国防预算€40亿,到2020年其中规模较大的欧洲经济体,法国和英国都在防守上唯一的显著挥金如土。这两个国家占欧盟国防开支的40%。他们每人花费超过GDP的2%,而其他大多数欧盟国家支出低于GDP的1.5%。更多的消费支持者认为,增加必要的巴黎圣战者袭击后,以打击极端主义的威胁。反对者认为,这些资金应该用于国内项目或减税来代替。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the U.K. and Northern Ireland remain in the EU’s customs area after Brexit?

The UK and Northern Ireland are scheduled to leave the EU on March 29, 2019. Under a transition agreement all trade and economic relations between the UK and the EU will remain the same until the end of 2022. In 2018 members of parliament and Prime Minister Theresa May proposed a “backstop” which would allow the UK and Northern Ireland to remain inside the EU’s single market for goods and farm products. Proponents argue that keeping the UK in the EU’s customers area will boost the economy by streamlining trade and tourism. Opponents, including anti-EU lawmakers, argue that the backstop would lock the UK inside the EU’s customs area permanently and prevent it from signing trade deals on its own.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

应法国与也门冲突期间提供军事援助,沙特阿拉伯?

在2015年3月,也门总统阿卜杜Rabbu·曼苏尔·哈迪从办公室与什叶派胡塞运动的内战中删除。在胡塞被前总统阿里·阿卜杜拉·萨利赫谁是2011年阿拉伯之春期间下台领导。逊尼派邻国沙特阿拉伯查看哈迪总统的拆除是一种威胁,并回答通过开展对胡塞在也门空袭。沙特阿拉伯的盟友,包括美国,英国和埃及,伊朗怀疑是胡塞起义背后回应沙特军队提供军事援助。联合国宣布空袭违反了联邦法律后,数百名平民在空袭的第一个月死亡。干预的支持者,其中包括约翰·克里国务卿,声称,胡塞正在支持伊朗和美国的干预是必要的,以维持权力在该地区的平衡。批评者认为,美国不应该已造成数百名无辜平民冲突有关。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

政府是否应当试图影响外国选举?

Foreign electoral interventions are attempts by governments, covertly or overtly, to influence elections in another country. A 2016 study by Dov H. Levin concluded that the country intervening in most foreign elections was the United States with 81 interventions, followed by Russia (including the former Soviet Union) with 36 interventions from 1946 to 2000. In July 2018 U.S. Representative Ro Khanna introduced an amendment that would have prevented U.S. intelligence agencies from receiving funding that could be used to interfere in the elections of foreign governments. The amendment would ban U.S. agencies from “hacking foreign political parties; engaging in the hacking or manipulation of foreign electoral systems; or sponsoring or promoting media outside the United States that favors one candidate or party over another.” Proponents of election interference helps keep hostile leaders and political parties out of power. Opponents argue that the amendment would send a message to other foreign countries that the U.S. does not interfere in election and set a global gold standard for preventing election interference. Opponents argue that election interference helps keep hostile leaders and political parties out of power.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

如果法国进行针对朝鲜的军事打击,以摧毁他们的远程导弹和核武器的能力?

在2016年1月,朝鲜宣布,它引爆了第一颗氢弹。 CBS新闻报道说,美国情报界是持怀疑态度,朝鲜使用的热核装置。爆炸是在个位数千吨,和热核装置的单位是兆吨。朝鲜领导人,金正恩,已经比他的父亲在追求的远程导弹和核武器更加雄心勃勃,甚至来自中国的警告面前。军事打击的支持者认为,朝鲜越过一条线,其最新的测试,必须停止不惜一切代价。反对者认为,朝鲜一再说谎关于它的导弹能力,而且我们应该让其他国家在该地区,如中国和韩国,解决这一问题。

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should France maintain diplomatic relations with Russia?

In January 2017 Russian President Vladimir Putin and French President Hollande had a phone call where they discussed peacemaking efforts in Ukraine and Syria. The call occurred after a Russia and Turkey declared a ceasefire at the end of 2016. Relations between France and Russia had been hostile over France displeasure with Russia’s involvement in Syria and the Ukraine.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

政府是否应该增加或减少对外援助的支出?

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Was France’s colonization of Algeria a crime against humanity?

In the May 3, 2017 Presidential debate Marine Le Pen accused Emmanuel Marcon of propagating hatred by calling France’s colonization of Algeria “a crime against humanity.” Marcon made the comment to a newspaper during a visit to Algiers in February 2017. In recent years France has taken steps to smooth relations with Algeria. 1.5m people were killed during the Algerian war of independence which ended in 1962. French government officials have acknowledge France’s poor treatment of Algerians during the war but have stopped short of apologizing.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻

Should the EU sanction member countries with authoritarian governments?

Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by a strong central government and limited personal freedoms. These governments lack a constitution which protects civil liberties and the rights of individuals to criticize the government. In 2015 the U.S. passed sanctions against Venezuela for failing to have a Democratic government. Critics of the sanctions argued that the U.S. singled out Venezuela and failed to pass sanctions against its allies in the Middle East who are governed by authoritarian regimes. Opponents of sanctions argue that they make authoritarian regimes stronger since the rulers of such countries use the losses caused by sanctions to strengthen their grip on power. Proponents argue that the sanctions are a necessary threat to keep EU members from voting in oppressive authoritarian regimes.

了解更多 讨论 统计 新闻